Infrequently Noted

Alex Russell on browsers, standards, and the process of progress.

Comments for "Why Do I need To Sign This?"

hey anony:

I should note that I'll take your comments with the usual AC discount, but let me clarify some points that you're making assumptions about.

First, for edits to the canonical documentation, we absolutely do require CLA's. Users can't edit the dojo book without being assigned to the right Drupal group, and access to that group requires having sent in a CLA. Forums and mailing lists are discussion locations, but any patches that come from those discussions must ALSO be covered by CLAs. The point here isn't to shut down discussion or be absolutist, it's to reduce end-user risk. Our process (and the process of Apache and Eclipse, etc) does exactly that. Risk isn't something you eliminate, it's something you mitigate.

As for "signing agreements to use our software", why would we do such a thing? Our goal is to effectively and permanently give away our work without caveats or serious restrictions. What users do with Dojo has no effect on the provenance of Dojo's IP, and should those users wish to contribute back, they'd be asked to sign CLAs like anyone else.

International law is hard. We do have retained lawyers and rely on the goodwill of the community to help us enforce the rights embodied in the software, in part because it's those people who are most likely to get sued (or to start legal action in the first place). Remember: we're about mitigating risk, not eliminating it.

Regarding projects which operate without CLA processes, if they've got a GPL-ish license, there's no need. Their licenses impose restrictions on users and modifiers which address the same issues as the Apache/Dojo/Eclipse/Zend CLA process. Projects which are BSD or Apache style but which don't have a CLA process...well, they're just gambling. I've written before on this topic, but the short story is that the gamble looks good because the projects themselves rarely bare the costs of their decisions. Classic negative externality territory.

You're right that lower barriers are indeed somewhat attractive and we do worry about them dissuading contributions. It's a real tension and one we struggle with, but so far the CLA process hasn't kept Dojo from becoming excellent (nor Apache nor Eclipse nor Zend). The evidence regarding success doesn't seem to correlate with your assertion that CLAs will hurt a project. I'm not then suggesting that CLAs ensure the success of a project, but I am saying that ceteris paribus, CLAs signal an increase in quality that potential users should look for. And the market for JavaScript libraries is quickly reaching an equilibrium and feature/size/speed parity where such differentiators really matter.

Today, Dojo and GWT are the only toolkits that have really open communities and BSD-ish licensing. All the rest either have GPL-ish terms or are gambling with their user's trust in some way.


by alex at
What about wiki edits, or mailing list contributions? Do you have people sign agreements to use your software? I guess that makes dojo 'ip' unclean?

Did you have international lawyers draft your agreements? Different agreements for each set of countries? Are they being updated as the laws change?

Do you have lawyers ready to enforce the agreement in different countries? Do you have the money to run a case against large corporations - or even small businesses?

If not, you've wasted your time, and money.

I think that contributor agreements are just benefiting lawyers trying to make some more money out of the open source/free software 'markets'.

Many successful FOSS projects have run for a long time (many over a decade) without needing contributor agreements. However, of course some major projects also use contributor agreements.

But sure, if it makes you feel safer get those agreements signed! Other projects will just keep the barrier to entry low, and get more contributors.

  • anony mouse
by anony mouse at
Congratulations, you have convinced me to dismiss Dojo alltogether.

Reason? Most, if not all, people "intellectually tall enough to ride" are propably too busy with other things to jump through the hoops of downloading the CLA.pdf, printing it out, sign it and mail it. However the trolls (for want of a better word in this context) have plenty of time to waste to do exactly that.

(see Penny Arcades general Internet fuckwad theory)

And by the way, IP stands for Internet Protocol not imaginary property. There are just trademarks, copyrights and patents. And the latter two are only for limited time.

by Anonymous at
The Free Software Foundation has been doing this for many years. I have copyright assignments on file at the FSF for work on Emacs.

The reason they do this is best illustrated by the SCO lawsuit, and there's a great writup on the details at

by Alan Shutko at

Most large, reputable OSS projects do this. In particular, we our CLA process and text from Apache (with their generous permission, of course). The FSF has done something slightly different, though: they've asked people to assign copyrights directly to them and used licenses which ensure that patent rights aren't an issue. It's an alternate way of doing things, but the substantive difference is that Apache, Dojo, etc. don't require that you assign copyright, only that you license the rights to the Foundation.


You make it somewhat more difficult to take your critique seriously as you are posting anonymously, but that said, we don't accept patches from "trolls"...folks who take the time to improve the world by contributing to OSS by definition don't qualify, Indeed, the general structure of the process of patch contribution, review, and application of community norms helps to ensure that people aren't just doing something to get a rise out of us. If we were not applying fair, even-handed rules to all contributions, we'd be eminently more troll-able as things would be much more discretionary. As for "limited time", please consult the Berne convention (and addendum's) and US copyright law to understand how lengthy and broad the rights embodied really are. Arguments about "limited time" have nearly zero effect in our lifetimes and certainly no effect in the competitive lifecycle of productive software. Even if I agreed with your radical view of copyright and how IP laws should be reformed in general, that would in no way impact the way that we currently manage and organize the project for the benefit of users. Tarring Dojo with that brush simply doesn't work.